Pepper spray state laws

昨天讨论到pepper spray, 再加上最近要road trip, 于是略微研究了这方面的法律。

Pepper spray 有效成分大多为 Oleoresin Capsicum and Capsaicin:

Oleoresin capsicum (OC) is an oily extract of pepper plants of the genus Capsicum . It is also the principal active ingredient in OC spray and is a mixture of complex soluble phenols known as capsaicinoids. Capsaicin (trans-8-methyl-N -vanillyl-6-nonenamide) and dihydrocapsaicin make up 80–90% of OC. The amount of OC in pepper spray varies widely from about 1.2 to 12.6%, and the concentration of the pepper extract varies from 5 to 15%. OC has more or less replaced mace as a personal defense spray and exposed individuals in most cases can be subdued easily.

Wikipedia: Determining the strength of pepper sprays made by different manufacturers can be confusing and difficult. Statements a company makes about their product strength are not regulated. A method using the capsaicin and related capsaicinoids (CRC) content of the product is unreliable as well, because there are six different types of capsaicinoids, causing different levels of irritation. Manufacturers do not state which particular type of capsaicinoids are used. Personal pepper sprays can range from a low of 0.18% to a high of 3%. Most law enforcement pepper sprays use between 1.3% and 2%. The federal government of the United States has determined that bear attack deterrent sprays must contain at least 1.0% and not more than 2% CRC. CRC does not measure the amount of OC within the formulation. Instead, CRC is the pain-producing component of the OC that produces the burning sensation.

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Main references:

https://worldpopulationreview.com/state-rankings/pepper-spray-laws-by-state

Most common restrictions:

  • Cannot have any convicted felonies on record.
  • Must be used for self defense purposes only

No other restrictions:
Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming.

Additional restrictions or exceptions:

Alaska
In the state of Alaska, you must be 18 years old to buy any defensive weapon. Pepper spray cannot be possessed on school grounds unless you (have permission from school authorities and??) are over the age of 21.

Arkansas Reference
The capacity of the container shall not exceed one hundred fifty cubic centimeters (150 cc).

California
Pepper spray container must be less than 2.5 ounces.

DC Security Personnel Guide to Self-Defense Sprays | mpdc
District law allows any person, regardless of age, to possess and use a self-defense spray (e.g. Mace) without registration.

Florida
Container cannot exceed 2 ounces.

Hawaii
Must be 18. Retailer must be licensed to sell. Pepper spray container cannot be larger than 0.5 oz.

Illinois
Must be 18.
Chicago only: The city law prohibits the use of pepper spray in an enclosed space (like a restaurant, bar or club) when more than 20 people present.

Maryland
Must be 18.

Massachusetts Massachusetts law about guns and other weapons
People over 18 can have pepper spray, mace or other “self defense spray” without an FID card.
A person under 18 years of age who possesses self-defense spray and who does not have a firearms identification card shall be punished by a fine of not more than $300.

Michigan Reference
Not more than 35 grams of any combination of orthochlorobenzalmalononitrile and inert ingredients.
A solution containing not more than 18% oleoresin capsicum.

Minnesota Sec. 624.731 MN Statutes
No person under the age of 16 may possess or use an authorized tear gas compound except by written permission of a parent or guardian, and no person under the age of 18 may possess or use an electronic incapacitation device.
No person prohibited from possessing a pistol pursuant to section 624.713, subdivision 1, clause (2), may possess or use an authorized tear gas compound or an electronic incapacitation device.

Nevada
You cannot carry a container greater than 2 ounces if it contains CS tear gas.

New Jersey
Must be 18. Product canisters not to exceed 0.75 oz.

New York
Must be 18. Traditional pepper spray can only be purchased either at a pharmacy or licensed firearm dealer and cannot be purchased through online sale.

North Carolina
Tear gas device or container does not exceed 150 cubic centimeters.

Rhode Island
Must be 18.

South Carolina
Tear gas devices designed to be carried on or about the person which contain not more than fifty cubic centimeters of the chemical.
50 cc is a little less than 1 ¾ oz.

Texas
Must be 18??
Must be a “small chemical dispenser.”

Washington State
Must be 18 or at least 14 with parental permission.

Wisconsin
Anyone over 18 years of age that is not a convicted felon can carry pepper spray, provided that it’s less than two ounces, 10% or less O.C. concentration, and not disguised as a common item like lipstick or car keys.
Pepper spray is the only self defense spray you can legally carry in Wisconsin.

Is-Pepper-Spray-Legal

之后也许会研究下taser gun.

pepper spray在德州真的用得上吗 :yaoming:

18岁限制法律里我没有找到。如果允许18岁以下持有,那就有用了 :wulian:

我在澳洲住了十幾年。上次和local美國同事聊澳美兩國用詞不同,我就說了個capsicum 。他們都一臉茫然。:joy:

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:yaoming: 说了不能用pepper,但是没说不让用熊喷雾啊

疫情期间针对亚洲人的时候,还跑去NH帮朋友买喷雾 :yaoming: 还好没人需要用到这个

其实说Asian hate,本质上搞仇恨犯罪的换个种族一样。就跟ESTL,ESTL除了一个中餐馆之外可没有其他Asian,一帮其他种族的人自己仇恨犯罪自己种族的

我本来想买bear spray的,看了眼价格,还是pepper吧

房价喜人,最高价列表 :yaoming:

仔细看了下ESTL,有个三四家中餐馆,但是环境惨不忍睹,全是这种狗洞式橱窗,这么恶劣的环境居然还不撤?

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这个城市就是典型的铁锈带红脖子遇上了民主党州 :yaoming: 然后红脖子全跑路了,该城市现在人口结构是


倒不是说跟race有关系,主要是这种包容犯罪和加tax(隔了一条河油价居然差了20%)的情况导致了无业游民越来越多。STL油价3块7,ESTL居然能到4块7

但很多事件都没有按照仇恨犯罪处理