为什么小费不是必须给的,大兄弟小费文化的辨析。

事先声明:我不是鼓励大家给或者不给小费,而是希望大家在公开透明的信息中自行判断是否需要给小费,这样防止不明不白地欺诈性小费的出现。
大家来美国之前肯定都听过很多人讲
“美国的小费文化”
但实际上美国并无华人圈子里普遍说的那种“小费文化”,即服务员工资水平低需要靠小费养活以及不给小费是没素质享受服务就要给钱。
而事实上美国的“小费文化”跟美国文化格格不入,小费的来源已不可考,但是坊间传闻是1850年代后从欧洲传来美国的一个习惯,因为富人习惯于赏赐表现出色的仆人,而这个事情的后期发展,恰恰和大家所认为的又穷又烂的南方穷州大大相关。因为蓄奴州尽管后期解放的奴隶,奴隶们纷纷去了服务行业,但是奴隶们依然无法获得公平公正的工资,所以从那时(中国的清朝时期)有了“服务员收入低主要靠小费的说法”
但是与大家平时听到的“小费文化”不同的是,在1910年代,收小费和给小费的行为是违法,甚至于犯罪。比如Iowa:
SEC. 5028-u. Accepting or soliciting gratuity or tip. Every employee of any hotel, restaurant, barber shop, or other public place, and every employee of any person, firm, partnership, or corporation, or of any public service corporation engaged in the transportation of passengers in this state, who shall accept or solicit any gratuity, tip, or other thing of value or of valuable consideration, from any guest or patron, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not less than five dollars, or more than twenty-five dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jail for a period not exceeding thirty days. [36 G. A. (S.F. 429, §1.)]
SEC. 6028-V . Giving or offering gratuity or tip. Every person who shall give or offer any tip or gratuity to any person or employee prohibited from receiving or soliciting the same by the provisions of the preceding section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and be punished upon conviction as provided by the preceding section. [36 G. A. (S. F. 429, § 2.)]
1920年代美国的禁酒令大肆施行又沉重打击了服务业,所以给小费变得更为普遍。直到那个年代,给小费才真正的成为了一种“文化”,但是这种文化仅仅只是基于服务员无法获得足够的收入基础之上的“文化”,而 Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938则彻底改善了这个规则,也彻底的让小费变成了资本家剥削的方式。
与大家对给小费是帮助低收入服务员的认知不同的是:后期直到现行劳工法案,都允许雇主以小费为理由克扣工资,而比如DC,不收小费的员工必须支付15.2/hr的工资,而如果员工收小费的话,雇主可以克扣员工工资到5.05/hr,事实上小费就变成了资本家压榨服务员的最好方式,所以你去到那些中餐馆,特别是喜欢压榨员工的,老板都喜欢追着你屁股要小费,不给还不行。而那种familybased更是服务员也会来追着你要(反正都进自家口袋)
法律只规定了老板不能拿走小费,但是却允许老板以小费为理由克扣工资

§ 531.59 The tip wage credit.

(a) In determining compliance with the wage payment requirements of the Act, under the provisions of section 3(m)(2)(A) the amount paid to a tipped employee by an employer is increased on account of tips by an amount equal to the formula set forth in the statute (minimum wage required by section 6(a)(1) of the Act minus cash wage paid (at least $2.13)), provided that the employer satisfies all the requirements of section 3(m)(2)(A). This tip credit is in addition to any credit for board, lodging, or other facilities which may be allowable under section 3(m).

(b) As indicated in § 531.51, the tip credit may be taken only for hours worked by the employee in an occupation in which the employee qualifies as a “tipped employee.” Pursuant to section 3(m)(2)(A), an employer is not eligible to take the tip credit unless it has informed its tipped employees in advance of the employer’s use of the tip credit of the provisions of section 3(m)(2)(A) of the Act, i.e.: The amount of the cash wage that is to be paid to the tipped employee by the employer; the additional amount by which the wages of the tipped employee are increased on account of the tip credit claimed by the employer, which amount may not exceed the value of the tips actually received by the employee; that all tips received by the tipped employee must be retained by the employee except for a tip pooling arrangement limited to employees who customarily and regularly receive tips; and that the tip credit shall not apply to any employee who has not been informed of the requirements in this section. The credit allowed on account of tips may be less than that permitted by statute (minimum wage required by section 6(a)(1) minus the cash wage paid (at least $2.13)); it cannot be more. In order for the employer to claim the maximum tip credit, the employer must demonstrate that the employee received at least that amount in actual tips. If the employee received less than the maximum tip credit amount in tips, the employer is required to pay the balance so that the employee receives at least the minimum wage with the defined combination of wages and tips. With the exception of tips contributed to a tip pool limited to employees who customarily and regularly receive tips as described in § 531.54, section 3(m)(2)(A) also requires employers that take a tip credit to permit employees to retain all tips received by the employee.

所以在现在,21世纪,服务员并不比其他工种获得更低的工资,而享受任何服务所做的口头合同仅限明码标价的部分,给小费只是富人炫富打赏的一种方式,而不是应该给服务员的。如果你活在清朝时期来到美国吃饭可能给小费是一种基本的做法,但是这已然是21世纪。餐厅和服务员应当将服务费明确标示在显眼位置或在入座点菜前明确告知小费的数额,否则这本质上是一种消费欺诈。事先并未说明事后强制索要小费的行为本质上违反了FTC Act
§ 52. Dissemination of false advertisements
(Sec. 12)
(a) Unlawfulness
It shall be unlawful for any person, partnership, or corporation to disseminate, or cause to be disseminated, any false advertisement–
(1) By United States mails, or in or having an effect upon commerce, by any means, for the purpose of
inducing, or which is likely to induce, directly or indirectly the purchase of food, drugs, devices,
services, or cosmetics; or
(2) By any means, for the purpose of inducing, or which is likely to induce, directly or indirectly, the
purchase in or having an effect upon commerce, of food, drugs, devices, services, or cosmetics.
我不反对在了解以上情况下给予小费,但是我希望大家小费给的都要公平公开。

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大兄弟,如果不给小费老板追出来要怎么办?别的我都不担心。

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处理方法与不给homeless丢钱被homeless追着跑一样,可以报警harassment正好拿U签证

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这个我知道,pepper spray :doge:

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uber司机的小费呢?

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大兄弟有空可以写篇U签证的介绍吗,好奇什么样的harassment可以据此申请U签证?

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Uber本身是个双向选择的过程,给与不给都是客户和骑手的双向选择。不给的话可能骑手不太愿意接就是了

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犯罪活动都可以,你在红州更容易获得。比如你出门被人打了

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没有robbery就离谱 :yaoming:
不过加了以后估计一天五十万个case

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uber 原来需要小费吗 :yaoming:是因为司机开车开的特别优雅?

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Uber是坐完车才给的,所以 :yaoming:

最恶心的是送餐的要提前给,还不敢不给 :cry:

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uber 本来就不需要小费,你仔细看ubereats / uber 条款。

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餐饮递送不给小费就怕driver 吐口水或者偷吃

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我一直观点都是uber司机如果想要小费的话可以不接这单

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就怕他没别的单只好接了,然后越想越生气然后我的饭菜就遭殃了 :yaoming:

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之前逛了下Uber driver的reddit 里面所有人的entitlement让人震惊

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我被一家服务巨差的中餐馆追出来要过消费,我说我没带现金刷卡可以吗?对方说可以,到了柜台那重新打印小票准备签字时我说那我给你写$100的小费你看怎么样,但是我回头就找信用卡dispute 搞不好这顿饭我一分钱不用出你们还有fee要交 你现在还要小费吗?? 然后不要小费我被赶出来了 :yaoming:

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U有一个要求是“积极配合警方调查”,需要当地警局签字证明
据说有更多在红州的警局因为不了解U或者政策原因不愿意配合签字,导致无法申请的?

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跑个题,你这个头像看得我是生理不适 :yaoming:

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普通被打皮外伤应该不行?

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